English for Specific Purpose - English for Medical

English for Specific  Purpose
English For Medical


Assalamualaikum wr.wb
First thanks to Allah Swt who always gives all the best of this life and there is no doubt about it. Shalawat and salam to the prophet Muhammad Saw and his family. Thanks for all of my friends in group nine because gave idea and participant for finished this script.
This script may isn’t yet perfect, may any have mistake in material, or type, we hope reader can forgive as, we are need critic and solution or idea for make this script be better. Thanks for we lecture gave we job and help to how finish this job. May just it from as, sorry if any mistake,
Wasslamualikum wr,wb.

1.      Medical Text
Down Syndrome
This is the VOA Special English HEALTH REPORT.
Human genes are normally organized along forty-six chromosomes in our cells, twenty-three from each parent.
But some people are born with an extra copy of the twenty-first chromosome. This third copy is a result of a mistake in cell division. The name for this condition is Down syndrome.
A British doctor named John Langdon Down first described it in the eighteen sixties. An estimated three hundred fifty thousand people in the United States have Down syndrome.
Many babies with Down syndrome have low muscle tone, so they need extra support when they are held. Their heads are smaller than average and they can have unusually shaped ears. Also, their eyes often angle upward.
People with Down syndrome often have other conditions. These include problems with their heart and with their breathing and hearing. A lot of these conditions, though, are treatable.
About one in every one hundred people with Down syndrome will develop leukemia, a cancer of the blood. But the National Down Syndrome Society says many of these cases are curable as well.
As a result, people with Down syndrome are living longer. In the early nineteen eighties they lived an average of just twenty-five years. Today the life expectancy for someone with Down syndrome is sixty years.
But with that longer life, people with Down syndrome may have an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease at an early age. An estimated twenty-five percent of those thirty-five and older show signs of the brain-wasting disease. It slowly destroys memory, thinking and reasoning skills. Alzheimer's is usually not found in the general population until people are over the age of sixty-five.
Down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation. Most people with Down syndrome are mildly to moderately retarded. Many, however, are able to attend regular classes with other students. And later, as adults, many are able to hold jobs and lead independent lives.
There are tests that can be done to look for Down syndrome during pregnancy.
The risk of having a baby with Down syndrome increases with the mother's age. The rate is one in every one thousand two hundred births at age twenty-five. At thirty-five it rises to one in three hundred fifty births. And at forty-five the rate is one in thirty
2.      Writing Assegment
a.       Based on the article above what is Down Syndrom?
b.      What a relationship between Down Syndrom with all the inner’s?
c.       Is people with down syndrom living longer? What is the reason?
d.      Is there symothom of Down syndrom for a baby and adult?
e.       What kind diseese Down Syndrom?
3.      Role Play
a.      Role Play 1
Some Troubling Symptoms
Patient: Good afternoon.
Doctor: Good afternoon. Have a seat. So, what have you come in for today?
Patient: Thank you. I'm feeling ill, I've got quite a bad cough, but I don't seem to have a fever.
Doctor     : I see. How long have you had these symptoms?
Patient     : Oh, I've had the cough for two weeks, but feeling ill just these
  past few days.
Doctor     : Are you having any other problems?
Patient     : Well, I've got a headache. I've also had a little bit of diarrhea.
Doctor     : Do you produce any phlegm when coughing?
Patient     : Sometimes, but it's usually pretty dry.
Doctor     : Do you smoke?
Patient     : Yes, a few cigarettes a day. Certainly no more than a half a pack a
Doctor     : How about allergies? Do you have any allergies?
Patient     : Not that I'm aware of.
Doctor     : Does your head feel stuffy?
Patient     : Yes, for the past few days.
Doctor     : OK. Now let's have a look. Could you please open your mouth
  and say 'ah'?

Key Vocabulary
Symptoms            : any feeling or ilness or mental change with is caused by a          
                               particular diseases to feel ill              :
cough                   : force air out from the lungs violently and noisly
fever                     : medical condition in which the body temperature is higher
                               than ussual the heart beat very fast.
headache              : a pain you feel inside in head
diarrhea                : illness when the body’s solid waste is more liquid than
                               ussual and comes and of the body more often
phlegm                 : a thick subtance in your nose
allergy                  : medical condition that causes you to react badly or fill ill
                               when you eat or touch a particular subtance.
stuffy                   : not having enough fresh air.

b.      Role Play 2
Dental Hygiene Sam: Hello.
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Hello Mr. Waters. I'm Gina. I'll be cleaning your teeth today.
Sam: Dr. Peterson has just filled two cavities. Why do I need a cleaning?
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Well, we have to make get your teeth and gums clean and disease free.
Sam: I guess that makes sense.
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Oral health leads to trouble-free teeth. I'll start off by removing plaque. Please lean back and open wide.
Sam: OK, I hope it's not too bad.
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Everybody gets plaque, even if they floss regularly. That's why it's important to come in twice a year for check-ups.
Sam: (getting his teeth cleaned, can't say much...)
Gina the Dental Hygienist: OK, please take a drink and rinse.
Sam: Ah, that's better.
Gina the Dental Hygienist: OK, now I'll apply some fluoride. Which flavor would you like?
Sam: I have a choice?
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Sure, we have mint, spearmint, orange or bubble-gum - that's for the kids.
Sam: I'd like to have the bubble-gum!
Gina the Dental Hygienist: OK. (applies fluoride) Now, let me give your teeth a final flossing.
Sam: What type of floss tape do you recommend?
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Personally, I like the flat tape. It's easier to get between the teeth.
Sam: OK, I'll remember that the next time I buy floss. How often should I floss?
Gina the Dental Hygienist: Everyday! Twice a day if possible! Some people like to floss after every meal, but that's not absolutely necessary.
Sam: (after finishing the cleaning) I feel much better. Thank you.
Gina the Dental Hygienist: My pleasure. Have a pleasant day, and remember to floss every day - at least once a day!

Key Vocabulary

dental hygienist    : a person who work with a dentist and cleans
gums                     : either of the areas of firm pink flash around teeth
plaque                   : harmful subtance that forms on the teeth
check-up               : a medical examination to test of general state of health
fluoride                 : compound thought to prevent teeth from decaying


A.                CONCLUSION
English as an international language is not only used just one country, but there are some other countries that also use it as a national language among English, American and Australian therefore the same as health sciences also have a few words in the English language as a term in the health sciences or not used only in one country. interests include aspects of health for all people on earth therefore important to know the meaning and significance of the English language that is in the world of health in order to make it easier to understand the meaning of seta know every word or term. Because of health sciences was not only coming from one of States but also from other countries sometimes use other languages


Zorica antic,. 2007,. Forward In Teaching English For Medical Purposes.: Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis