Wednesday, October 12, 2016

ANALYSIST OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL SENTENCE

ANALYSIST OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL SENTENCE

1.example of formal sentence

Osaka japan
many international companies like mitsubishi,sharp,sanyo,and panasonic have their headquarters in Osaka,making salaries in the city among the highest  in the world and its transportation cost one of the most expensive in the world.

a.Spelling
·         Osaka (ou-es-ei-kei-ei)
·         Japan (jei-ei-pi:-ei-en)
·         Many (em-ei-en-wai)
·         International (ai-en-ti:-i-a:-ti-ai-ou-en-ei-el)
·         Companies (si:-ou-em-pi:-ei-en-ai-i-es)
·         Like (el-ai-kei-i)
·         Mitsubishi (em-ai-ti-es-yu-bi:-ai-es-eitc-ai)
·         Sharp (es-eitc-ei-a:-pi:)
·         Sanyo (es-ei-en-wai-ou)
·         And (ei-en-di:)
·         Panasonic (pi:-ei-en-ei-es-ou-en-ai-si:)
·         Have(eitc-ei-vi-i)
·         Their (ti:-eitc-i-ai-a:)
·         Headquerters (eict-i-ei-di:-kyu-yu-i-a:-ti-i-a:-es)
·         In (ai-en)
·         Osaka (ou-es-ei-kei-ei)
·         Making (em-ei-kei-ai-en-ji)
·         Salaries (es-ei-el-ei-a:-ai-i-es)
·         In (ai-en)
·         The (ti:-eitc-i)
·         City (si:-ai-ti:-wai)
·         Among (ei-em-ou-en-ji)
·         Highest ( eitc-ai-ji-eitc-i-es-ti)



·         In (ai-en)
·         The (ti:-eitc-i)
·         World (dablyu-ou-a:-el-di:)
·         In (ai-en)
·         And (ei-en-di:)
·         It (ai-ti:)
·         Transportation (ti:-a:-ei-en-es-pi:-ou-a:-ti:-ei-ti:-ai-ou-en)
·         Cost (si:-ou-es-ti:)
·         One ( ou-en-ai)
·         Of ( ou-ef)
·         The (ti:-eitc-ai)
·         Most ( em-ou-es-ti:)
·         Expensive (ai-eks-pi:-ai-en-es-ai-vi-ai)
·         In (ai-en)
·         The (ti:-eitc-ai)
·         World (dablyu-ou-a:-el-di)

b.phonetic symbols
·         Osaka ( )
·         Japan ()
·         Many / ‘meni /
·         International (,intə’nǽʃəl   )
·         Companies (‘kʌmpʌni)
·         Like /laik/
·         Mitsubishi /
·         Sharp / sa:p /
·         Sanyo
·         And / ənd /
·         Panasonic
·         Have / həv;əv; /
·         Their / ðeə (r) /
·         Headquerters / hed- /
·         In / in /
·         Osaka



·         Making / meik /
·         Salaries / ‘sǽləri /
·         In / in /
·         The /ðə; /
·         City  / ‘siti /
·         Among / ‘əmʌɧ /
·         Highest / hai /
·         In / in /
·         The /ðə; /
·         World / wЗ:ld /
·         In / in /
·         And / ənd /
·         It / it /
·         Transportation / trǽnspɔ:teiʃn /
·         Cost /kɒst /
·         One / wʌn /
·         Of / ɒf /
·         The /ðə; /
·         Most  / məʊst /
·         Expensive /ik’spensiv /
·         In / in /
·         The /ðə; /
·         World /wЗ:ld /

c.meaning

·         Osaka (name of country)
·         Japan ( popular country)
·         Many (for singular noun)
·         International (existingbetween two or more countries)
·         Companies (business,group of people who work together)
·         Like (find stlhpleasant)
·         Mitsubishi (brand of electronic)
·         Sharp (brand of electronic)



·         Sanyo ((brand of electronic)
·         And (conjuntion)
·         Panasonic (brand of electronic)
·         Have(strong form ofthir persn sing)
·         Their (possessive of they)
·         Headquerters (place of which an organization is controlled)
·         In (proposition)
·         Osaka (name of country)
·         Making ((produce or prepare)
·         Salaries ()
·         In (name of country)
·         The (article)
·         City (payment for a job)
·         Among (between people)
·         Highest (superlative og hight)
·         In (name of country)
·         The (article)
·         World (the earth)
·         In (name of country)
·         And (conjungtion)
·         It (noun)
·         Transportation ()
·         Cost (price paid for a thing)
·         One (number)
·         Of (strong form/preposition)
·         The (article)
·         Most (superlative)
·         Expensive (costing a lot of money)
·         In (proposition)
·         The (article)
·         World (the earth)


d.Anatomy of consonant
1.manner of articulation

o      Osaka :voiceless


o      Japan : voiced
o      Many : voiced
o      International :voiceless
o      Companies : voiceless,nasal
o      Like :voiced
o      Mitsubishi :voiceless
o      Sharp :voiceless
o      Sanyo :voiceless
o      And :nasal
o      Panasonic :stops
o      Have :voiced
o      Their : stop
o      Headquerters :voiceless
o      In : voiced
o      Osaka : voiceless
o      Making : nasal
o      Salaries :voiceless
o      In : voiced
o      The :oral
o      Stop :voiceless
o      City :oral
o      Among :nasal,oral
o      Highest :voiceless
o      In :oral,voiced
o      The : oral
o      World :oral,voiced
o      In :oral,voiced
o      And :voiced,oral
o      It :oral,voiced
o      Transportation :stop
o      Cost :nasal
o      One :oral,voiced
o      Of :oral,voiced
o      The Most :voiceless
o      Expensive :voiceless,fricative
o      In :oral,voiced
o      The :stop
o      World :oral,



2.Place of articulation
·         Bilabial    
/p/:voiceless bilabial plosive (Panasonic)
/b/: voiceless bilabial plosive
/m/:voiced bilabial nasal(Making)
/w/:voiced labial velar approximant (World)

·         Labio-Dental
/f/ :voiceless labio-dental fricative
/v/ :voiced labio-dental fricarive

·         Dental
The /ðə; / (voiceless dental fricative)

·         Post alveolar
Transportation / trǽnspɔ:teiʃn / (voiceless post alveolar fricative

·         Glottal
Highest / hai / (voiceless glottal fricative)


e.anatomy of vowel

1.The front back dimension
·         Front vowel : Many / ‘meni / , Salaries / ‘sǽləri / , World /wЗ:ld /

·         Back vowel : Sharp / sa:p /,

·         Central vowel : One / wʌn / , World /wЗ:ld / , Among / ‘əmʌɧ /

2.The high low vowel

·         High vowel : Most  / məʊst  /

·         Low vowel  : Salaries / ‘sǽləri /


·         Mid vowel : Making / meik /

2.informal sentence
Well hey... so much I need to say
Been lonely since the day
The day you went away
So sad but true
For lonely since the day
The day you went away.
Go On, Yay... Oh...



a.spelling
·         Well (dablyu-ai-el-el)
·         hey... (eict-ai-wai)
·         so ( es-ou)
·         much (em-yu-si:-eitc)
·         I (ai)
·         Need (en-ai-ai-di:)
·          to (ti:-ou)
·         Say (es-ei-wai)
·         Been ( bi:-ai-ai-en)
·         lonely (el-ou-en-ai-el-wai)
·         since (es-ai-en-si:-ai)
·         the (ti:-eict-ai)
·         day( di:-ei-wai)
·         The (ti:eict-ai)
·         day (di:-ei-wai)
·         you (wai-ou-yu)
·         went (dablyu-ai-en-ti:)
·         away (ei-dablyu-ei-wai)
·         So (es-ou)
·         sad (es-ei-di:)
·         but (bi:-yu-ti:)


·          true (ti:-a:-u:-ai)
·         For  (ef-ou-a:)
·         lonely (el-ou-en-ai-el-wai)
·         since (es-ai-en-si:-ai)
·          the ( ti:-eict-ai)
·         Day
·         The (ti:-eict-ai)
·         day (di:-ei-wai)
·         you (wai-ou-u:)
·          went ( dablyu-ai-en-ti:)
·         away.(ei-dablyu-ei-wai)
·         Go (ji-ou)
·         On, (ou-en)
·         Yay... (wai-ei-wai)
·         Oh...(ou-eict)

b.phonetic symbols

·         Well / wel /
·         hey...
·         so / səʊ /
·         much /mʌtʃ /
·         I /ai /
·         Need /ni:d /
·          to / tu: /
·         Say /sei /
·         Been /bi:n /
·         lonely /’ləʊnli /
·         since /sins /
·         the /ðə;/
·         day /dei /
·         The /ðə;/
·         day /dei /
·         you /yu:/
·         went /went /



·         away / ə’wei /
·         So /
·         sad /sǽd /
·         but / bət /
·          true / tru: /
·         For / fə r /
·         lonely  /’ləʊnli /
·         since/sins /
·          the The /ðə;/
·         Day day /dei /
·         The /ðə;/
·         day /dei /
·         you/yu:/
·          went /went /
·         away. / ə’wei /
·         Go
·         On,
·         Yay...
·         Oh...


c.meaning
·         Well (use to express)
·         hey... (for express)
·         so (
·         much (
·         I (subject for “me”)
·         Need (must be done)
·          to (conjungtion)
·         Say (convey something)
·         Been (third form of be)
·         lonely (have no friend)
·         since (for time)
·         the (for time)
·         day ( for time)


·         The (article)
·         day (for time)
·         you ( second person)
·         went ( go-went-gone)
·         away (distance from..)
·         So
·         sad ( feel blue)
·         but (conjungtion)
·          true (right)
·         For (conjungtion)
·         lonely (have no friend)
·         since (for time)
·          the (article)
·         Day(for time)
·         The (article)
·         day (for time)
·         you(second person)
·          went (go went gone)
·         away.(distance from)
·         Go (verb)
·         On, (preposition)
·         Yay... (interjection)
·         Oh...(interjection)

d.manner of articulation

·         Well :voiced,oral
·         hey... :voiced,oral
·         so :voiceless,oral
·         much : voiced,oral
·         I : : voiced,oral
·         Need: voiced,oral
·          to : voiced,oral
·         Say :voiceless,oral
·         Been : voiced,oral


·         lonely : voiced,oral
·         since :voiceless
·         the : voiced,oral
·         day: voiced,oral
·         The : voiced,oral
·         day : voiced,oral
·         you : voiced,oral
·         went : voiced,oral
·         away : voiced,oral
·         So :voiceless
·         sad :voiceless
·         but: voiced,oral
·          true : voiced,oral
·         For : voiced,oral
·         lonely : voiced,oral
·         since:voiceless,nasal
·          the :voiced,oral
·         Day:voiced,oral
·         The :voiced,oral
·         day :voiced oral
·         you:voiced oral
·          went :voiced,oral
·         away.:voiced,oral
·         Go :voiced,oral
·         On,:voiceless,nasal
·         Yay...
·         Oh...

e.anatomy of vowel

1.The front back dimension
·         Front vowel : Say /sei / , sad /sǽd /
·         Back vowel : For / fə r /
·         Central vowel : much /mʌtʃ /




2.The high low vowel

·         High vowel : to / tu: / , true / tru: /

·         Low vowel : sad /sǽd /

·         Mid vowel : I /ai /, day /dei /

2.Place of articulation
·                     Bilabial    
/p/:voiceless bilabial plosive ()
/b/: voiceless bilabial plosive
/m/:voiced bilabial nasal(much /mʌtʃ /)
/w/:voiced labial velar approximant (Well / wel /)


·                     Labio-Dental
/f/ :voiceless labio-dental fricative
bio-dental fricarive
·                     Dental
The /ðə; / (voiceless dental fricative)

·                     Post alveolar
much /mʌtʃ (voiceless post alveolar fricative
·                     Glottal
Highest / hai / (voiceless glottal fricative)












            We can see it to describe manner of articulation more understand :
            The way how to say word,there high and low,


            The chart of describing vowel.


            International phonetic alphabet (IPA)
            and the way how to read.






Criteria for contrast:
The phoneme system
Minimal pairs of formal sentence
·         /p/              Panasonic
·         /b/             
·         /m/             making
·         /f/              
·         /v/             
·         /t/               the,transportation
·         /s/              sanyo,sharp
·         /n/             
·         /r/              
·         /k/             
·         /h/              headquest
·         /ð/              their


Minimal pairs from informal sentence
·         p/              
·         /b/              but
·         /m/             much
·         /f/               for
·         /v/             
·         /t/               true
·         /s/              sad
·         /n/              been
·         /r/              
·         /k/             
·         /h/              hey..
·         /ð/              the

In defining distribution
Consonant allomorph from formal and informal sentence

M                                 p                                  s
+ voice                       -voice                         -voice
-continuant               -continuant               +continual
+nasal                                    -nasal                         -nasal
+anterior                    +anterior                    +anterior
-coronal                     -coronal                     +coronal
Examples:
M(making(formal sentence)-much(informal sentence)
P(panasonic(formal sentence)-
S(salaries(formal sentence)-say(informal sentence)

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